Most children have excellent sight and do not need to wear glasses.
Some children may have vision screening done at school (between the ages of four and five). However, the earlier any problems are picked up the better the outcome. If there are problems and they are not picked up at an early age, the child may have permanently reduced vision in one or both eyes.If you have any concerns about your child’s eyes, or if there is a history of squint or lazy eye in the family, do not wait for the vision screening at school. Bring your children in to have an NHS funded eye examination. Your child does not have to be able to read or talk to have an eye examination.
Babies can see when they are born, but their eyes don’t always focus accurately. A baby’s eyes may squints sometimes (they may not always line up with each other), but if their eyes always seem to squint, this should be investigated. Their eyes develop gradually, and after about six weeks they should be able to follow something colourful or interesting with their eyes. An easy test you can do at home when a baby is over six weeks old is to see if your baby’s eyes follow you around a room. If they don’t seem to be able to focus on you properly – for example, if they can’t follow you and recognise your facial gestures, or if their eyes wander when they are looking at you – it could suggest a problem. You can also try covering each of the baby’s eyes in turn.If they object to having one eye covered more than the other, they may have problems seeing out of one eye. As they get older, you can start to point out objects both close up and far away. If they struggle to see the objects, contact us for advice.